Canadian History for Kids!
This year marks the 100th anniversary of the outbreak of World War One and Canadian History for Kids have assembled 31 remarkable stories about incredible people, places and events which helped shape our amazing nation.
A grateful nation never forgets a hero.
Passchendaele –Battle of Mud.
Canadian Commander Sir Arthur Currie was unwilling to become involved.
But, slowly, step by step, the Canadian military they would take the village, and secure Passchendaele Ridge. It was a great turning point in World War 1.
The Battle of Passchendaele (or Third Battle of Ypres or “Passchendaele”) was a campaign of the First World War, fought by the Canadians and their allies against the German Empire.
Ypres is a Belgian city in West Flanders. Passchendaele lay on the last ridge east of Ypres. It was a vital part of the supply system of the German Fourth Army.
The conditions were awful. They had been described as the Murderous Mud at Passchendaele.
British and Australian troops had fought there for more than three months. Their efforts had been unsuccessful: 100,000 casualties for very little ground won. The situation looked hopeless.
Arguments over strategy, heavy rains, and mud marked the controversial three-month Battle of Passchendaele, also known as the Third Battle of Ypres.
The Canadian plan in taking Passchendaele was very simple. They would attack in a series of battles, each with a small goal. Step by step, they would take the village, the overall objective being to secure a defensible position on the Passchendaele Ridge.
On November 6th, 1917, the Canadians finally took the town of Passchendaele. 15,654 Canadians had fallen during these horrible battles. The British lost an estimated 275,000 casualties at Passchendaele to the German’s 220,000, making it one of the war’s most costly battles.
Nine Canadian soldiers received the Victoria Cross in recognition of their efforts at Passchendaele:
- Colin Fraser Barron
- Thomas William Holmes
- Cecil John Kinross
- Hugh McKenzie
- George Harry Mullin
- Christopher Patrick John O’Kelly
- George Randolph Pearkes
- James Peter Robertson
- Robert Shankland
Lest We Forget, a Canadian History for Kids, exclusive!